Erasmo Saucedo-Uribe, Department of Psychiatry; Centro de Neurociencias Avanzadas; Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
Gerardo Díaz-Avilés, 1Department of Psychiatry, “Dr. José Eleuterio González” University Hospital and School of Medicine. Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
Pedro J. González-Mallozzi, Centro de Neurociencias Avanzadas, “Dr. José Eleuterio González” University Hospital and School of Medicine. Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
Farid Carranza-Navarro, Department of Psychiatry; Centro de Neurociencias Avanzadas, “Dr. José Eleuterio González” University Hospital and School of Medicine. Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
Moisés K. Enríquez-Navarro, Centro de Neurociencias Avanzadas, “Dr. José Eleuterio González” University Hospital and School of Medicine. Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
Jorge A. Aguirre-Escamilla, School of Medicine. “Dr. José Eleuterio González” University Hospital and School of Medicine. Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
Lytzalaura Chávez-Quezada, Centro de Neurociencias Avanzadas, “Dr. José Eleuterio González” University Hospital and School of Medicine. Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico


Objective: Caregiver burden (CB) can be understood as the load borne or strained by a person who takes care of a chronically ill, disabled, or elderly relative. The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of caregiver burden among caregivers of patients with severe mental illnesses. Materials and methods: This longitudinal study was conducted at the Psychiatry Department of the “Dr. José Eleuterio Gonzalez” University Hospital from November 2018 to October 2019. The Zarit Caregiver Burden Interview was used to measure the burden on the main caregiver, which realized at admission and discharge. Results: The final sample consisted of 96 caregivers. At admission, 35.2% of caregivers of patients with major depressive disorder presented burden, 50% in the case of borderline personality disorder, 56% in the case of bipolar disorder, and 66.7% in the case of schizophrenia. The scores compared to admission with discharge showed a statistically significant decrease among caregivers of patients with depression (p = 0.047) and schizophrenia (p = 0.005). In contrast, the mean score increased without significance at discharge among caregivers of bipolar and borderline personality disorder patients. Conclusion: Significant reductions in the degree of CB throughout hospitalization were observed only in caregivers of patients with schizophrenia and depression. Hospitalization could improve CB by facilitating better treatment and patient vigilance, giving caregivers more time to invest in social and personal activities, and in the care of their physical and mental health.



Keywords: Caregiver burden. Major depression. Bipolar disorder. Schizophrenia. Borderline personality disorder.